Aptamers isolated against mosquito-borne pathogens

Published : 04 August 2021

Prof. Dr. Tang Thean Hock
Authors : Navien, TN (Navien, Tholasi Nadhan), Yeoh, TS (Yeoh, Tzi Shien), 
Anna, A (Anna, Andrew), Tang, TH (Tang, Thean-Hock), Citartan, M (Citartan, Marimuthu) 
Title of Publication : Aptamers isolated against mosquito-borne pathogens
Journal Name : World Journal Of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Quartile : Q2
Impact Factor : 3.312
Description : Mosquito-borne diseases are a major threat to public health. The shortcomings of diagnostic tools, especially those that are antibody-based, have been blamed in part for the rising annual morbidity and mortality caused by these diseases. Antibodies harbor a number of disadvantages that can be clearly addressed by aptamers as the more promising molecular recognition elements. Aptamers are defined as single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides generated by SELEX that exhibit high binding affinity and specificity against a wide variety of target molecules based on their unique structural conformations. A number of aptamers were developed against mosquito-borne pathogens such as Dengue virus, Zika virus, Chikungunya virus, Plasmodium parasite, Francisella tularensis, Japanese encephalitis virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, Rift Valley fever virus and Yellow fever virus. Intrigued by these achievements, we carry out a comprehensive overview of the aptamers developed against these mosquito-borne infectious agents. Characteristics of the aptamers and their roles in diagnostic, therapeutic as well as other applications are emphasized.
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