A Scoping Review of Effective Teaching Strategies in Surface Anatomy

Published : 24 January 2022

Dr Husnaida Abdul Manan @ Sulong
Authors : Yasrul Izad Abu Bakar, Asma’ Hassan, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff, Fazlina Kasim, Husnaida Abdul Manan @ Sulong, Siti Nurma Hanim Hadie
Title of Publication : A Scoping Review of Effective Teaching Strategies in Surface Anatomy
Journal Name : Anatomical Sciences Education
Quartile : Q1
Impact Factor : 5.958
Description : To become skilled physicians, medical students must master surface anatomy. However, the study of surface anatomy is less emphasized in medical and allied health science curricula, and the time devoted to direct engagement with the human body is limited. This scoping review was designed to answer one research question: “What are the elements and strategies that are effective in teaching surface anatomy?” The review was performed using a five-stage scoping review framework, including research question identification, relevant study identification, study selection, data charting, and result collating and reporting. Three databases were searched using two search terms combined with a Boolean operator: “teaching” and “surface anatomy.” The initial pool of 3,294 sources was assessed for duplication, and study eligibility was evaluated using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were abstracted from 26 original articles by one researcher and verified by two other researchers. A thematic analysis was performed, and several elements of effective teaching strategies for surface anatomy were identified, namely contextualized teaching, embracing experiential learning, and learning facilitation. This review revealed that a multimodal approach was most commonly used in surface anatomy instruction. Hence, future research should explore the effectiveness of multimodal teaching strategies that adopt the three aforementioned primary elements of effective teaching in an authentic learning environment. It is pertinent to clarify the effectiveness of these teaching strategies by evaluating their impact on student learning, organizational changes, and benefits to other stakeholders.
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